1.4.- European Agencies

English

An agency of the European Union is a decentralised body of the EU established to accomplish specific tasks or to develop scientific or technical know-how within the European Community.

These agencies were outside European Treaties: each was created by way of legislation and not all of them are recognised as an “agency” in an official capacity. They may be called authority, office, institute or foundation.

Decentralised Agencies

They have an important role in implementing EU policies, especially tasks of a technical, scientific, operational and/or regulatory nature. This frees up the EU institutions, especially the Commission, to concentrate on policy-making. They also support cooperation between the EU and national governments in important policy areas, by pooling technical and specialist expertise from both the EU institutions and national authorities. The decentralised agencies are independent legal entities under European public law, distinct from the EU institutions (Council, Parliament, Commission, etc.).


Executive agencies

Executive agencies are organisations established with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more Community programmes. These agencies are set up for a fixed period. Their location has to be at the seat of the European Commission (Brussels or Luxembourg).


EURATOM agencies and bodies

These bodies are created to support the aims of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (EURATOM). The purpose of the Treaty is to coordinate the Member States' research programmes for the peaceful use of nuclear energy, to provide knowledge, infrastructure and funding of nuclear energy and to ensure sufficiency and security of atomic energy supply.

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