Central Bohemia and Prague (Czech Republic)

Czech Republic


The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in the heart of Central Europe. Bordered by Germany (810 km), Poland (762 km), Austria (466t km), and Slovakia (265 km).

The Czech Republic is luckily located very close to the Industrial Backbone of Europe. The area where it is located is considered the best option for investments in sectors like transport or logistics because of its perfect location in relation to the areas of consumption and production. This, together with the addition to the EU, makes the country a perfect gate to enter the European Single Market of 502 millions.

Basic data of the Czech Republic


 

Official Name: Czech Republic
Territorial Division: 13 regions and capital Praga
Capital: Praga
Area: 78.866 km2
Population: 10.380.000 inhabitants
Population Density: 133,2 inhabitants km²
Official Language: Czech
 

 

The regions of Czeh Republic: Central Bohemia and Praga


The Czech Republic is divided into thirteen regions (Prague South Bohemia, South Moravia, Karlovy Vary, Hradec Králové, Liberec Moravian-Silesian, Olomouc, Pardubice, Pilsen, Central Bohemia, Usti nad Labem, Vysočina, Zlíny) the capital is Prague. Each region has its own selected Regional Assembly and "Hejtman" (usually translated as "president"). In Prague, powers are executed by the City Council and the mayor.

The Central Bohemian region is located in the central part of the historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is the capital of the Czech Republic, Prague, which is located in the centre of the region. The city of Prague, however, is not part of the Central Bohemian region, it is a singular territory.

 

 Central Bohemia

Central Bohemia was founded as a division of the largest local government in 2000. It covers an area of 11,012 km², what makes it the largest region of the Czech Republic. In this territory is located the region of Prague.

It geographically belongs to the Bohemian Massif, one of the oldest European massifs. The highest peak of Central Bohemia is the Tok Brdy Mountain, located in the district of Příbram, the lowest point is the basin of River Elbe, in the district of Mělník.

Since 2003, 26 administrative areas or municipalities were created. Those municipalities are:  Benešov, Beroun, Brandys nad Labem - Stara Boleslav, Čáslav, černošice, Český Brod, Dobříš, Hořovice, Kladno, Kolin, Kralupy nad Vltavou, Kutna Hora, Lysa nad Labem, Mělník, Mladá Boleslav, Mnichovo Hradiště, Neratovice , Nymburk, Poděbrady, Příbram, Rakovník, Říčany, Sedlčany, Slany, Vlašim and Votice. 

Central Bohemia offers a variety of natural and technical cultural monuments.  Its most important cultural monuments are in the World Heritage Sites of UNESCO. The historic city centre of Kutna Hora, the Santa Barbara Church and the Church of the Assumption of Our Lady at Sedlec are part of the World Heritage sites of UNESCO since 1995. Křivoklátsko, a Natural Protected Area, was included in the Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO in 1977.

 

Praga

Prague (Praha) is the capital of the Czech Republic. It was formerly the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Czechoslovakia. It is also the capital of the region of Bohemia.

Located on the Vltava River, Prague has approximately 1.2 million inhabitants, what makes it the most populous city in the country. Prague metropolitan area has a population of 1.9 million inhabitants.

Since 1992 the historic centre of the city is a Heritage of Humanity.  Its beauty and historical heritage make it one of the twenty most visited cities in the world.

The city of Prague is an observer of the following international organisations: Aner, CSO, Les Rencontres and Red Art Nouveau.

Since 2000, the city is a city-state, which means that many of the powers of the State are transferred to the city. The leader of the capital is the mayor. The city is administered by three entities: the Prague Assembly, made up of 70 representatives and the Prague Council, made up of 11 members of the Assembly and the Prague City Hall.

Prague is administratively divided into 22 districts that are numbered from 1 to 22, which are divided into 57 municipalities, of them only 4 belong to the historical Prague, and each one has its own elected representatives and competencies.

Prague is the economic centre of the country. Besides being the capital of the country most of the financial institutions and transnational corporations, it has its headquarters in the city. These, among other reasons, make it possible for Prague to represent about 25% of Czech GDP.

 

Economic Data of the de la Czech Republic


 

GDP (€): 150.275.000.000
GDP per cápita (€): 12.300
Annual increase of the GDP (%):  0,1
Inflation Rate(%): 3,3
Unemployment Rate (%):  7,1
Exports 2012 (billons €): 3 062,8  (annual growth l 6,4%)
Importaciones 2012 (billones €):: 2 752,0   (annual growth 1,3%)

 

Economic Activity of Czech Republic


Nowadays, the industry is still very important for the economy of the Czech Republic. About the participation percentage, the industry is the 35% (62.3 % services, 2.8% Agriculture). More than 40% of the employed citizens work for in the industrial sector. The most important pillars of the Czech Industry are engineering and machinery construction, mining, chemical and food production, followed by the energy industry, civil engineering and light industry.

Engineering and Machinery Manufacturing

Engineering industry is among the most traditional industries in the Czech Republic. The most important part is the auto industry, because it is the major exporter. In 2010, 54.2% of the exports were products of the automotive industry. The automotive industry in the Czech Republic has more than 120 000 employers, what makes it the largest producer;   the most important automotive company in the Czech Republic is Škoda Auto.

The leading companies in the field of automotive engineering and transport in the Czech Republic are:

  • Automobiles
  • Vehicles and large trucks
  • Buses
  • Trolleybuses, trams, metro and rail motors
  • Motors and carriages
  • Tractors 
  • Motorcycles
  • Aircraft
  • Boats and Ships

Mining Industry

The mining industry is often related to the engineering industry. At the moment, the mining industry is mainly concentrated in regions with raw material deposits (black coal, limestone), that is, mainly in the Ostrava region. Minerals such as iron and steel are imported.

Chemical industry

The chemical industry is an indicator of the economic level of the country, as it requires qualified human resources, specific raw materials, and water and energy sources. Czech chemical industry is mainly concentrated in the region of northern Bohemia (Usti nad Labem in Hradec Kralove). The chemistry of Moravia’s area is mainly located along the central and lower part of the river Morava. Crude oil is processed in areas close to the pipe (Litvinov, Kralupy nad Vltavou).

The leading companies in the field of chemistry:

  • Petrochemical production
  • The chemicals
  • Rubber industry
  • Plastic materials
  • Pharmaceuticals and cosmetics

Food industry

The food industry is distributed to the territory of the Czech Republic. Among the most important products of the food industry Czech, the beer production remains one of the leading positions. Each year, more than 2 million hectoliters of beer are exported from the Czech Republic.

Leading companies in the food industry:

  • Meat and meat products
  • Crude Fat and oil
  • Light Production
  • Natural Sugar Production
  • Beer

 

External Trade of the Czech Republic


 

 

Turnover 

Exports 

Imports

Balance 

Changes from last year in %

Coverage of imports by exports in %

in billions (CZK)

Export

Import

2010

4 944,4

2 532,8

2 411,6

121,2

18,4

21,2

105,0

2011

5 566,3

2 878,7

2 687,6

191,1

13,7

11,4

107,1

2012

5 814,8

3 062,8

2 752,0

310,8

6,4

2,4

111,3

 

Communications and logistics rutas in the  Czech Republic


Railroad

The Czech Republic has a railroad length of 9.435 kilometers; 9.341 kilometers of them are standard gauge.  Electrified railroads have generally voltages of 3 KV CC or about CA: 25KV. 94 kilometers (58 miles) of track is narrow gauge.  The most important railway-company is the state-owned Czech Railways.

Prague has an underground rapid transit system, the Metro of Prague.  In addition, the cities of Brno, Liberec, Most, Olomouc, Ostrava, Pilsen and Prague have tram systems.

Road

The Czech Republic has 127.810 kilometers of roads; 90.532 kilometers of those are highways. In 1980 and 1990 there were significant increases in passenger road-transport in Czech Republic, this was associated with a strong increase of traffic accidents. In recent years, the number of traffic accidents has been reduced.  However, the mortality rate per inhabitant is moderately high, comparable with United States.

Highways

The roads of Czech Republic are divided in highways and motorways. Those roads are managed by the State Highway and the Highway Directorate- RSD, founded in 1997. The first modern road of the Czech Republic was the Highway of Prague, through the Slovak boarder Beno, whose construction started on the 2nd May of 1939.

Nowadays, RSD manages and maintains 726,9 kilometers of motorways and  391,2 kilometers of highways.

Channels

677 km, the Elbe (Labe) is the main river.

Ports

Decin, Mělník, Prague, Usti nad Labem, Moldauhafen in Hamburg (non-operating port, will be delivered to Germany in 2028).

Airports

In 2006 the Czech Republic had a total of 121 airports. 46 of these airports had paved runways and 75 had unpaved runways. The largest and busiest airport in the Czech Republic is the Prague Václav Havel Airport opened in 1937. Other international airports are Brno Airport, Karlovy Vary Airport, Ostrava Leos Janacek Airport, Pardubice and the Kunovice’s airport.

 

Technological Capacity of the Czech Republic


In 2008 the ratio of degrees awarded in science-related fields (engineering, manufacturing and construction) was one of the highest in Europe.

Secondary technical schools and vocational training centres

Technical secondary schools and integrated schools take students to a relatively high professional level through a mix of general education courses, theoretical and practical training in certain fields such as general machinery, textile machinery, agricultural machinery, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, etc. Students who take the "maturita examination " (graduation) are eligible to apply to colleges and universities.

Vocational Training Centres offer training much more aimed at work from three or four years specialized fields (for example, high voltage electricity, textile machinery and automotive electronics). Extensive practical training in companies is an important part of the curriculum. Three-year programs conclude with a discussion of learning. In some cases, students can opt for a higher course of study (four years instead of 3), together with practical training, it also provides a broad education. In this case, students will also conduct a "review maturita".

 

Higher Vocational Schools

Equivalent to the German Fachhochschulen, the Higher Vocational Schools are usually located on the same campus and share resources with secondary technical schools. Usually provide technical education of three years after the completion of secondary education. Higher Vocational Schools are not currently recognized universities.

 

Universites

Currently, there are more than 83,000 technical university students studying technical subjects in other universities. More than 17,000 graduated university students in technical and scientific fields are members of each year’s Czech work-force.

Czech Technical University in Prague

Institute of Chemical Technology of Prague

Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of life in Prague

 

Technology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Prague)

The Technology Centre is a consortium of legal entities (institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic): Institute of Physics, Institute of Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Institute of Plasma Physics, Institute of Molecular Genetics and Technology Management Ltd. The consortium is also opened to legal entities outside the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.

 

Czech Liaison Office for Research and Development (CZELO) in Brussels

It provides to the Czech research institutions specific and updated information about the possibilities to participate in international research consortia.

It also arrangees and facilitates meetings of Czech researchers with relevant EC officials, organizing information days on Czech research and development for representatives of the European institutions.

Promoting Czech systematic research, its results and successfully cases.

 

The Technology Centre Of The Academy Of Sciences Of The Czech Republic (Tc)

The Technology Centre is a national key institution for the infrastructure, investment, development and a research aimed at science areas aimed at science, technology and innovation areas. TC is an updated information source about European investigations, development and innovation.

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