Croatia

Republic of Croatia is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with the twenty counties. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. Croatia's Adriatic Seacoast contains more than a thousand islands. The country's population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism.

Territorial composition: 20 counties and the City of Zagreb, the counties subdivide into 127 cities and 429 municipalities.

A unitary state, Croatia is a republic governed under a parliamentary system. The International Monetary Fund classified Croatia as an emerging and developing economy, and the World Bankidentified it as a high-income economy. Croatia is a member of the European Union (EU), United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean.

The service sector dominates Croatia's economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Tourism is a significant source of revenue during the summer, with Croatia ranked the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world. The state controls a part of the economy, with substantial government expenditure. The European Union is Croatia's most important trading partner. Since 2000, the Croatian government has invested in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors. Internal sources produce a significant portion of energy in Croatia; the rest is imported. Croatia provides a universal health care system and free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and through corporate investments in media and publishing.

Basica data


Capital: Zagreb
Area:  56,594 km2
Population: 4,284,889 (2011)
Population density: 75.8/km2
Official language: Croatian

 Economic data and labor market


GDP (€): 49.45 billion (2013)
GDP per capita (€): 10,300
Annual GDP Growth (%): -0.5
Exports (€): 8.43 billion, which is 5.2% more than in 2013 (preliminary data of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics)
Imports (€): 14.3 billion (preliminary data of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics)
Active People: 1,939,000 (53.7% - November 2014)
Unemployed: 328,187 (19.2% - November 2014)

 Economic activities in the region


 Service sector (mainly tourism – 20% of the GDP), industrial sector (export) and agriculture, high-tech industries (Zagreb)

Internationalization of the region


The Government of Croatia established a Commission for the Internationalization of Croatian Economy in July 2013 with the main tasks of identifying key policy guidelines to foster Croatian export and Croatian companies abroad, suggesting appropriate implementing measures and monitoring its implementation, coordinating plans and activities of all governmental bodies. Its members are the representatives of 19 institutions, including Croatian Chamber of Economy, the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Crafts and the Croatian Agency for SMEs, Innovations and Investments. It prepared an Action Plan for Export 2014-2015 proposing the practical support to exports with 13 activities and 41 measures.

Communications and logistics routes


Motorway network, connecting Zagreb to most other regions and following various European routes and four Pan-European corridors; extensive rail network (thin the Pan-European transport corridors Vb and X connecting Rijeka to Budapest and Ljubljana to Belgrade, both via Zagreb); 7 airports, seaports (Rijeka, Split, Zadar)

Technological Capability


There are 205 companies, government or education system institutions and non-profit organizations in Croatia pursuing scientific research and development of technology. Combined, they spent more than €400 million and employed 10,191 full-time research staff in 2008. Among the scientific institutes operating in Croatia, the largest is the Ruđer Bošković Institute in Zagreb. The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb is a learned society promoting language, culture, arts and science from its inception in 1866. Croatia has also produced inventors and two Croatians received the Nobel Prize.

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