H2020-BES-2015 Border security and external security

Participant Portal
Publication Date: 
Wednesday, 25 March 2015
Thursday, 27 August 2015
Overview and objectives: 

On the one hand this call targets the development of technologies and capabilities which are required to enhance systems, equipment, tools, processes, and methods for rapid identification to improve border security. This includes both control and surveillance issues, exploiting the full potential of EUROSUR and promoting an enhanced use of new technology for border checks, also in relation to the SMART BORDERS legislative initiative. It also addresses supply chain security in the context of the EU’s customs policy.

On the other hand this call focuses on new technologies, capabilities and solutions which are required to support the Union's external security policies in civilian tasks, ranging from civil protection to humanitarian relief, border management or peace-keeping and post-crisis stabilisation, including conflict prevention, peace-building and mediation. This will require research on conflict resolution and restoration of peace and justice, early identification of factors leading to conflict and on the impact of restorative justice processes.


This call is divided in the following parts:

  • Maritime Border Security
  • Border Crossing Points
  • Supply Chain Security
  • Information Management in the context of External Security
  • Conflict Prevention and Peace Building

Maritime Border Security

BES-01-2015: Maritime Border Security topic 1: radar systems for the surveillance of coastal and pre-frontier areas and in support of search and rescue operations. Activities in the Mediterranean Sea related to border surveillance, including fight against drug trafficking and illegal immigration as well as search-and-rescue operations require for the authorities to detect at a long distance (typically: over the horizon) the presence of small vessels. The performance of existing radar systems need to be improved to that effect, or to be combined with other technologies. The cost and power requirements of such systems need to be lowered. Their deployment must also take into account the coastal environment, and they must integrate properly in the landscape. They should interface seamlessly with existing infrastructure supporting operations undertaken, or the services provided by the CISE constituent communities. Scope: Pre-competitive research in areas ranging from sensor design, to the analysis and design of system configuration and integration and validation by (public) authorities for target detection, identification and recognition. Projects will focus only on border surveillance and search and rescue (not defence) needs.

Type of action: Research and innovation action

BES-02-2015: Maritime Border Security topic 2: affordable and easily deployable technologies for EU coastal border surveillance with reduced impact on the environment.  The areas of research and development are expected to include, among others: further development of devices and sensors for maritime targets and environment (e.g. fit for mobile platforms) easily deployable on field and with limited impact on spectrum environment; development of specific, early identification, tracking and fusion algorithms; operation in network configurations together with other systems for improved performances

Type of action: Research and innovation action

BES-03-2015: Maritime Border Security topic 3: Light optionally piloted vehicles (and sensors) for maritime surveillance. The combination of surface and airborne mobile assets is used to detect, identify and track targets (typically: small boats) travelling beyond coastal waters. A variety of obstacles have to be faced in current operations, and improved performances and reaction capabilities are required. Tactical communications between surface and aerial assets are considered key for improving situational awareness, early warning and reaction capacity. A particular weakness lies in communications capabilities among the mobile assets and the control centres (in particular in relation to tactical communications, interoperability and standardization). Better surveillance platforms are necessary, with improved communication performance, improved endurance (it should be more than 10 hours), and reduced operational cost (10 to 20 per cent of that of a Maritime Patrol Aircraft).

Type of action: Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) co-fund action

BES-04-2015: Maritime Border Security topic 4: Detection of low flying aircraft at near shore air space. Required technologies and systems to be investigated and developed may include: Identification of technological gaps in already operational systems, including those used by the military, and in cooperation with responsible authorities. Mobile units which can be quickly deployable in remote areas with communication links with command and control centres. Multi-mode radar technologies for the early detection, target pre-classification and tracking of low flying aircrafts. Integration of radar data and correlation with repositories of information to predict most probable landing areas. New type of sensors that could be deployed at low cost increasing the detection and narrowing the grid of detection. The solutions proposed should consider the employment of technologies enabling multi-functionality and miniaturization of the hardware components. Geo-spatial database of existing and potential runways as well as its operational status, using Earth Observation technology and GIS (geographic information systems) analysis.

Type of action: Research and innovation action

Border Crossing Points

BES-05-2015: Border crossing points topic 1: Novel mobility concepts for land border security. Studies show that, in the long term perspective, the task of border management to facilitate legitimate border crossings, while detecting and preventing illicit activities, will remain a critical capability, given the expected rising cross-border flows of people (and goods). Border control is likely to face increasing demands for efficiency, which implies a need for technical systems that are user friendly and reliable in operational conditions. The approach to use technology from adjacent markets such as mobile or satellite telecommunications, where the volumes of production are very high, could help the costs of processing down to a minimum. In particular, the use of passengers' personal mobile devices is expected to enable efficient and reliable identity checks through the application of biometric technology.

Type of action: Research and innovation action

BES-06-2015: Border crossing points topic 2: Exploring new modalities in biometric-based border checks. Research is needed in order to explore whether it is possible to use other biometric data (potentially already used in another context and in another domain) than fingerprint, iris or facial picture to store in the e-Passport chip, which would guarantee the same or higher level of security, but would be more accurate and could be retrieved in a more efficient manner than in the case of the conventionally used biometric data types. In addition, practical experiences lead to the assumption that for non-critical travelers (EU, bona-fide etc.) a most fluent non-intrusive control process is desired. Therefore, to increase accuracy, in this case the use of contactless techniques (e.g. face, 3D face, iris) and multi-biometric fusion is likely to be preferred over contact-based technologies.

Type of action: Research and innovation action

BES-07-2015: Border crossing points topic 3: Optimization of border control processes and planning. Studies show that, in the long term perspective, the task of border management to facilitate legitimate border crossings, while detecting and preventing illicit activities, will remain a critical capability, given the expected rising cross border flow of people and goods. Border controls thus face increasing demand for efficiency, which implies the need for technical systems and procedures that are user friendly and reliable in operational conditions.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Actions

Supply Chain Security

BES-08-2015: Supply Chain Security topic 1: Development of an enhanced non-intrusive (stand-off) scanner. There are two different scenarios that technology is required for. Although ideally a system would have a capability to be deployed to cover both operational situations, it is accepted that at this stage it may not be possible, due to the types of core technology used, so within this topic the requirements are shown separately to clarify the challenge, and so assist development in proposals which may be for either a sub category or for a combined solution.

Type of action: Research and innovation action

Information Management in the context of External Security

BES-10-2015: Information management topic 1: Civilian humanitarian mission personnel tracking. Proposals should address the problem of tracking (from the headquarters) the assets (e.g. Automatic Vehicle Location – AVL – technologies) and the staff of the missions deployed in third countries for instance in the CSDP context. Real-time tracking may help to reduce the exposure to security risks of these missions. The proposed solution should integrate and/or complement seamlessly the communication system in use (either standard or specific) and, if any, the Control and Command system in place (even if abroad). It must integrate features to assure its own security not being usable if in wrong hands. It should also integrate navigation/guidance (in the field) of assets and staff, using European GNSS where appropriate. Cost effectiveness should be considered (both acquisition and operation) as clients are quite often NGOs with limited resources.

Type of action: Research and innovation action

BES-11-2015: Information management topic 2: Information management, systems and infrastructure for civilian EU External Actions. Proposals should address the development of a specific and dedicated research agenda (or of a tender package), to eventually deliver the technical specifications of the future common Situational Awareness, Information Exchange and Operation Control Platform. Research activities covered by such a research agenda (or the technical components of a tender package) are expected to focus on service specifications, interfaces, and modelling and exchange formats and protocols for sharing objects of relevance in the context of the EU external actions, in an interoperable, secure, and resilient manner.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Action (CSA)

Conflict Prevention and Peace Building

BES-13-2015: Conflict prevention and peace building topic 2: Training curricula for Conflict Prevention and Peace Building personnel. Projects under this proposal should: review current understanding and training relating to conflict prevention and peace building in order to take into account current practice, including the effect of outsourcing of some security work, and the potential divergences in understandings; and develop new training methods in the field of civilian conflict prevention and peace building such as: conflict prevention, mediation, Security System Reform (SSR), Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD), anti-corruption, early warning systems, etc.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Action (CSA)

Budget available: 
€42 170 000.00
Developed programme: 

Horizon 2020: Societal Challenges

Horizon 2020 reflects the policy priorities of the Europe 2020 strategy and addresses major concerns shared by citizens in Europe and elsewhere.A challenge-based approach will bring together resources and knowledge across different fields, technologies and disciplines, including social sciences and the humanities. This will cover activities from research to market with a new focus on innovation-related activities, such as piloting, demonstration, test-beds, and support for public procurement and market uptake.

Plataforma tecnológica cofinanciada por: