H2020-DRS-2015 Disaster-resilience: Safeguarding and securing society, including adapting to climate change

English
Source: 
Participant Portal
Publication Date: 
Monday, 20 April 2015
Deadline: 
Thursday, 27 August 2015
Overview and objectives: 

Securing the society against disasters is one of the central elements of the functioning of any society. There is barely any societal sector which is not to some extent concerned by disasters and related resilience and security issues. The objective of this call is to reduce the loss of human life, environmental, economic and material damage from natural and man-made disasters, including extreme weather events, crime and terrorism threats. This area will therefore focus on developing technologies and running large-scale demonstration.

Actions: 

This call is divided in five parts:

  1. Crisis Management and Civil protection with a view to strengthening prevention and preparedness against natural and man-made disasters by underpinning an all-hazard approach to risk assessment across the EU;
  2. Disaster Resilience and Climate Change with a view to developing solutions, for climate change adaptation in areas potentially affected by more extreme weather events and natural disasters, such as for port cities, critical infrastructures, tourism;
  3. Critical Infrastructure Protection with a view to building up community resilience and resilience of critical infrastructure, including against cyber-crime and cyber-terrorism.
  4. Communication Interoperability facilitating disaster management, notably through communication technologies for crisis response actors and the linking of situational awareness centres;
  5. Ethical/Societal Dimension.

Crisis Management

DRS-01-2015: Crisis management topic 1: potential of current and new measures and technologies to respond to extreme weather and climate events

Proposals should focus on the potential of current and new measures (including local measures) and technologies to enhance the response capacity to extreme weather and climate events  affecting the security of people and assets. Proposals should focus on emergency management operations and cover the whole crisis management, linking awareness and early warning to effective responses within society and coordination with first responders, including the use of adapted cyber technologies to gain time and improve coordination in emergency situations. Proposals should also explore the links and eventual adjustments of the warning and response systems facing the observed or anticipated changes in frequency and intensity of extreme climate events.

Type of action: Innovation Actions

DRS-03-2015: Crisis management topic 3: Demonstration activity on large scale disasters and crisis management and resilience of EU external assets against major identified threats or causes of crisis

The demo should aim at demonstrating the EU deployable disaster and crisis management capabilities to be applied in real situations outside the EU (in typical crisis scenarios in which damaged and poor infrastructure exist and distance to the crisis will require fast response with the deployment of support facilities and equipment and evacuation of personnel). The proposals should investigate the consequences of poor and/or late situational awareness reducing the ability to comprehend the scale of a crisis, they should evaluate means to improve and restore situation awareness and communication with the in-situ teams (police forces, civil protection, etc.), and should take into account the identification of risk areas and vulnerable groups, especially for people with mobility, hearing and sight problems. Proposals should explore the cost-saving effect of comprehensive risk and threat prevention systems as well as the management cycle from the detection of a crisis event, the planning of actions and the prioritization of efforts through the mobilization of responders to the delivery of information to the responders on site. It should combine dynamic data (from sensors, aerial networks etc.) with static information (maps, infrastructure, assessment templates) keeping in mind the security of the information exchanged. Interoperability should be considered as well as health, environmental, climatic, dual-use, legal and ethical aspects.

Type of action: Innovation Actions

DRS-06-2015: Crisis management topic 6: Addressing standardisation opportunities in support of increasing disaster resilience

Proposals need to assess the feasibility and the expected impact of proposed standardisation activities that are not included in the sectors identified by the M487 Mandate (focusing on European Norms), including standards that could be developed at international level, the appropriate standardisation deliverable(s) and the expected time frame to finish the proposed activity. Relevant legislation on EU and Member State level, as well as international regulations, need to be taken into account appropriately, including potential ethical, societal and privacy issues of the proposed activities. Proposals need to show how duplication of efforts with relevant past or on-going research projects, and standardisation activities on European (e.g. CEN/TC 391) and international level (e.g. ISO/TC 223) will be avoided: how proposed activities will be coordinated with other, relevant activities like e.g. the EU action on enhancing the resilience of infrastructures[1], how a cross-fertilisation of work between the proposal and these relevant activities will be achieved and how the proposal consortium intends to involve itself in relevant CEN and/or ISO TC’s through international cooperation.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Actions

Disaster Resilience and Climate Change

DRS-09-2015: Disaster Resilience & Climate Change topic 1: Science and innovation for adaptation to climate change: from assessing costs, risks and opportunities to demonstration of options and practices

Proposals should aim to support, test and disseminate technological and non-technological options, including eco-system based approaches, to address climate-related risks and climate-proof critical infrastructure assets and systems; develop frameworks for monitoring the performance and effectiveness of developed approaches, and for ensuring their optimum performance, addressing also post-implementation requirements, as well as operational and organisational/governance needs for successful replication and follow-up; provide innovative solutions for major implementation projects at local, regional or national levels, while strengthening complementarity with other EU funding mechanisms, and particularly with the European Structural and Investment Funds.

Type of action: Innovation Actions

DRS-10-2015: Disaster Resilience & Climate Change topic 2: Natural Hazards: Towards risk reduction science and innovation plans at national and European level

Proposals should aim to develop an efficient networking and forum promoting effective mechanisms and interactions with the key players (e.g. scientists, authorities, users, civil protection, UNISDR platforms...) in order to contribute to a new strategic vision on natural hazards risk reduction; identify the necessary key actions to be promoted (short to long term perspective), building on new concepts and innovations, in order to improve interdisciplinary scientific knowledge and apply or adapt current tools and methods to a new and effective risk reduction strategy at national/European level; take into account the EU and national adaptation strategies as well as the developing disaster risk management planning done at national or appropriate sub-national level.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Actions

DRS-11-2015: Disaster Resilience & Climate Change topic 3: Mitigating the impacts of climate change and natural hazards on cultural heritage sites, structures and artefacts

The proposal should aim to develop eco-innovative solutions to help mitigate the effects of climate change and natural hazards on cultural heritage sites, structures and artefacts taking into account the values they hold for people and respecting their historic and cultural integrity.   Effective adaptation strategies, systems and technologies are needed for better risk management of vulnerable heritage materials and for mitigating damage to cultural heritage assets.  Proposals  may include case studies and address any research gaps or barriers needed to respond to this challenge, including aspects relating to innovative environmental assessment methodologies, integrated monitoring technologies and systems, improved non-invasive and non-destructive methods of surveying and diagnosis including wide area surveillance, cost-effective conservation and restoration techniques, risk management, disaster prevention and quick damage assessment when catastrophes occur.

Type of action: Research & Innovation Actions

Critical Infrastructure Protection

DRS-12-2015: Critical Infrastructure Protection topic 1: Critical Infrastructure “smart grid” protection and resilience under “smart meters” threats

The objective is to analyse potential new threats generated by the massive introduction of “smart meters” on the distribution grid system and propose concrete solutions in order to mitigate the risks, guarantee the electromagnetic compatibility, improve resilience and reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure “smart grid”, due for example to cyber-attacks, or to the locally diffused interconnectivity with renewable utility grids, and the existence of widely spread entry points that could locally influence the utility grid and its functioning.etc.

Type of action: Research & Innovation Actions

DRS-13-2015: Critical Infrastructure Protection topic 2: Demonstration activity on tools for adapting building and infrastructure standards and design methodologies in vulnerable locations in the case of natural or man-originated catastrophes

The proposal shall develop an EU methodological guide with recommendations and software tools for adapting building and infrastructure standards and design methodologies taking into account vulnerability induced man-made or natural impacts. The project content shall be explicitly placed in the greater context of urban development strategies focusing on safety and resilience. Furthermore the research proposal shall demonstrate its finding using appropriate case studies and demonstration facilities, including comparative cost and cost/benefit analyses.

Type of action: Research & Innovation Actions

DRS-14-2015: Critical Infrastructure Protection topic 3: Critical Infrastructure resilience indicator - analysis and development of methods for assessing resilience

The proposal shall demonstrate that a set of common and thoroughly validated indicators, including economic indicators, could be applied to critical infrastructures in order to assess its level of “resilience”, moreover a scale approach of “resilience” level should be proposed across critical infrastructures (energy grids, transportation, government, nuclear research infrastructures, water, etc.). The developed methodology shall be based on at least four types of critical infrastructure as test cases. Specific models and modeling approaches will be proposed and developed that facilitates the understanding and modeling of security risks and the related impact. Moreover, security metrics and indicators will be proposed that could be used in the developed models to quantify to the possible extent the considered risk and impact as well as give guidance to the possible mitigation techniques – approaches.

Type of action: Research & Innovation Actions

DRS-15-2015: Critical Infrastructure Protection topic 4: Protecting potentially hazardous and sensitive sites/areas considering multi-sectorial dependencies

Research should include analysis of risks and strength/vulnerabilities, identification of alternatives resources and focus on the development and testing of qualitative methods that involve identifying links between sectors (multi-sectoral dependencies: systems and connection nodes definition and modeling) and evaluating how impacts from a Seveso typeaccident might affect them (cascades effects). Quantitative impact assessment tools should also be developed to evaluate socio-economic impacts of such accident. Small-scale demonstration activities focusing on SMEs should be considered.

Type of action: Innovation Actions

Communication technologies and interoperability

DRS-18-2015: Communication technologies and interoperability topic 1: interoperable next generation of broadband radio communication system for public safety and security

Different organisation schemes, such as a dedicated EU Mobile Virtual Network Operator for law enforcement agencies, a European Economic Interest Group, national interoperable networks, or any other way will have to be studied. The participants will propose the best suitable architecture/solution in order to establish the desired EU-interoperable system. The action will develop the core set of specifications, roadmap for research or tender documents to be used as a basis for national procurements, or the legal setting of alternate organisational solutions taking into account the above-mentioned requirements for interoperable next generation PPDR broadband communication systems. The action will provide plans for validating the future EU-interoperable system. Further to ongoing standardization efforts the users/potential buyers will have to ensure that manufacturers actually implement the PPDR-specific interoperability functions, and that users and operators test the first version of the systems as well as for their evolutions. Therefore the participants should tackle the issue of managing the interoperability after the end of the action. The participants will establish a global transition roadmap from their actual system to the desired EU-interoperable system.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Actions

Ethical/Societal Dimension

DRS-22-2015: Ethical/Societal Dimension topic 3: Impact of climate change in third countries on Europe's security

Proposals in this field may focus on the following issues: taking into account past and on-going EU research, this topic should thoroughly examine the specific causes and the impact of climate-driven crises on European security; What kind of instruments, tools, and actions can be used alongside mitigation and adaptation policies to address the climate change security risks?; Which could be the most efficient ways of developing contingency plans for the EU's response to the effects of climate-driven crises occurring outside the Union that have direct or indirect security implications on the Union?

Type of action: Coordination and Support Actions

Budget available: 
€82 330 000.00
Developed programme: 

Horizon 2020: Societal Challenges

Horizon 2020 reflects the policy priorities of the Europe 2020 strategy and addresses major concerns shared by citizens in Europe and elsewhere.A challenge-based approach will bring together resources and knowledge across different fields, technologies and disciplines, including social sciences and the humanities. This will cover activities from research to market with a new focus on innovation-related activities, such as piloting, demonstration, test-beds, and support for public procurement and market uptake.

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